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假如你叫李华,你收到一封名为 Simon 的网友写来的电子邮件向你询问如何交友请给他回 一封邮件并提出合理的建议。

提示:

1. 交朋友首先要对别人友善

2. 要使陌生人感到亲切不管他在何处关心别人胜过关心自己

3. 与别人有分歧时不吵架凡事要商量

4. 不要相信危急时刻背弃朋友的人因为患难见真情”。

注意:1.  词数:100 左右。    

2. 表达要清楚语言简洁流畅。

3.    针对问题给出建议层次清晰。    

4.  开头和结尾已为你写好不计入总词数。

Dear Simon,

I’m glad to receive your email. You asked me something about how to make friends. The following is my advice.

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Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

短文改错

I’m glad to telling you that I have made great progresses in my English study since I became a senior high school student.

When I started senior English in the beginning, I found it less difficult than what we learned in junior high school and almost lost my heart. Later, I realized the important of English, so I got up early every morning, recited English words, listening to English tapes and did a lot of exercises. I also asked my teachers and classmates better ways of learning English.

Now I’m improving my English great. But I’m getting more and more interesting in learning it.

 

阅读下面短文在空白处填写 1 个适当的单词或所给单词的正确形式

Wang Kun and his sister Wang Wei had dreamed about 1. (take) a great bike trip ever 2. middle school. After graduating from college, they finally got the chance 3. (take) a bike trip and their dream will come 4. (truth). Wang Wei was very stubborn. Once she had made up her mind, nothing could change it. She insisted that they 5.  (find) the source of the river and begin their trip there.

Before the trip they found a large atlas in the library, from 6. they knew clearly about the Mekong River. They 7. (plan) their schedule according to the atlas and organized the trip 8. (proper). Believe it or not, they would start at 9. altitude of more than 5,000 meters, but they were sure to have an 10. (excite) trip.

 

In the movie Cast Away, Tom Hanks _________ a man named Chuck. Chuck is a businessman who is always _________  busy that he has little time for his_________. He is a successful manager in a company that sends mail all over the world. One day Chuck is _________ across the Pacific Ocean _________ suddenly his plane crashes(坠落). Chuck survives(生存) the crash and lands on a(n) _________ island.

On the island, Chuck has to learn to make a_________ all alone. He has to learn how to collect water, hunt for food, and make fire. Perhaps the most difficult challenge(挑战) is _________  to survive without friends. _________  survive,  Chunk  develops  a  friendship  with  a(n) _________  friend—a  volleyball  he  calls Wilson.

Chuck learns a lot about _________  when he is alone on the island. He realizes that he hasn't been a very good friend _________  he has always been thinking about himself. During his five years on the island, Chuck learns how to be a good friend to Wilson. _________  Wilson is just a volleyball, he becomes_________ him. He talks to him and treats him as a friend. Chuck learns that we need friends to _________ happiness and sorrow, and that it is important to have someone to care about. He also learns that he_________ cared more about his friends. When he makes friends with Wilson, he_________ that friendship is about_________ and that we must give as much as we take.

The lesson we can_________ Chuck and all the others who have unusual friends is that friends are teachers. Friendship helps us understand who we are ,why we need each other and_________ we can do for each other.

1.A. shows    B. adds    C. plays    D. joins

2.A. so    B. such    C. too    D. well

3.A. company    B. friends    C. family    D. volleyball

4.A. swimming    B. boating    C. flying    D. surfing

5.A. while    B. where    C. which    D. when

6.A. alone    B. round    C. lonely    D. beautiful

7.A. house    B. living    C. boat    D. friend

8.A. how    B. why    C. who    D. what

9.A. So    B. In order that    C. So that    D. In order to

10.A. popular    B. unusual    C. usual    D. lovely

11.A. himself    B. his wife    C. his business    D. his company

12.A. while    B. since    C. when    D. because

13.A. Even though    B. If    C. Since    D. Unless

14.A. familiar with    B. fond of    C. popular with    D. tired of

15.A. make    B. divide    C. share    D. give

16.A. need have    B. must have    C. should have    D. could have

17.A. requests    B. misunderstands    C. doubts    D. understands

18.A. feel    B. feelings    C. reasons    D. advice

19.A. learn from    B. study    C. learn    D. set down

20.A. how    B. which    C. that    D. what

 

Could you imagine what it would be like if there were no other ways to get around except by using your feet? Not only would you wear out(磨破)a lot of shoes but it would take you a long time to get anywhere.

1. But that’s just the wheel(轮子); did you know that the earliest boats were dugout canoes( 木舟)?People lit a fire on a big log(圆木) and then put the fire out and dug out the burned wood!

Then there were the Egyptians, who invented the sailing boat, but this could only be used in one direction.    2. Later the clever Romans came along and built their famous network of roads across the Roman Empire3.

Some of the roads did not last very long and they soon became dirt tracks(). People travelled on roads by wagon(马车), but most things would be taken by sea in the 16th century. In the 19th century, some of the forms of transport that you know today were invented─the bike and the car. 4. The first underground railway in the world was built in London.

As it got easier to travel, people wanted to get to places faster. 5. It was first used in war, but now it has become an indispensable(不可或缺的) way of transport.

A. Do you know when the car was invented?

B. How many kinds of transport can you name?

C. Then the airplane came into being.

D. If the wind was blowing in another direction then they had to row the boat.

E. In addition, travel was made much easier by railways.

F. You really need to thank a few people for saving your poor shoes, like the person who invented the wheel!

G. So the Roman army could march(行军) from one part of the empire to another quickly!

 

Whenever Ms. Zhang receives a series of voice messages on the WeChat messaging app from her mother, the 32-year-old woman looks at them and sighs(叹息). She doesn’t want to listen to them one by one, which can always be over a dozen in all. And she hates having to listen again if she misses something. “I really don't’ want to open them,” she says. ”But what can I do? She’s my mom.”Her mother, however, thinks that texting seems cold, and reading text on a phone screen is difficult for people at her age. So she also uses voice messages when communicating with her old schoolmates.

Now, sending voice messages is seen as a feature for seniors, plus a few groups such as salespeople and drivers. About nine out of 10 Chinese internet users are on WeChat and half of them spend over 90 minutes a day on the app chatting, reading, working and shopping. There is no doubt that WeChat is where China’s national conversation takes place.

WeChat’s 2017 user report shows that while people over 55 made up only 1% of the platform’s(平台) user base, one out of five messages they sent were voice, compared with one in 10 for users under 21.”While users take nine seconds on average to read 100 characters, they need 22 seconds to listen to the same 100 characters,” says Liu Xingliang, head of research at the company Data Center about the China Internet.”Only when you listen to WeChat’ voice messages will you find out how long a minute is,” he says.

1.What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. Ms. Zhang’s mother hardly sends voice messages to her daughter.

B. Ms. Zhang is happy when she receives her mother’s voice message.

C. Ms. Zhang’s mother uses voice messages to communicate with her friends.

D. Ms. Zhang doesn’t listen to her mother’s voice messages.

2.Why does Ms. Zhang’s mother choose to send voice message?

A. Because reading text is difficult for her.

B. Because she thinks speaking is colder than texting.

C. Because it’s too hard for her to learn to text.

D. Because her daughter has asked her to do so.

3.According to the text, who might use text messages most?

A. A driver who needs to work at night.

B. A salesman who is busy selling his products.

C. A teacher who retired five years ago.

D. A college student who will graduate next year.

4.What can we learn about voice messages from the text?

A. Most Chinese people like receiving voice messages.

B. Voice messages take the receivers a lot of time to listen.

C. Sending voice messages is a big burden(负担) for the sender.

D. Only 1% of people over 55 send voice messages.

 

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1.How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

Step:Remove   the   300   types   of   bacteria( )   in   your   mouth   each   morning   with   a battery-operated(电动的) toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

Finding; Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day ─half of the number which doctors advise.

Step: We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day ─often inviting germs(细菌) to enter our mouth, nose and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3. How often do you think about fighting germ?

Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

Step: Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵) that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave(微波炉) for 10 seconds.

1.What is found out about American seniors?

A. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

B. Most of them have good habits.

C. Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day.

2.Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands_________.

A. four times a day    B. twice a day

C. eight times a day    D. three times a day

3.Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. We should keep from touching our faces.

D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.

4.The text probably comes from __________.

A. a book review    B. a popular magazine

C. a guide book    D. an official document(文件)

 

On a day in Arkansas, some fishermen saw a bear cub(幼兽)in a tree. As hours went by, its mother didn’t return. So they called wildlife biologist(生物学家) Eastridge.

The bear cub was sick and hungry, weighing only 5 pounds and with his eyes not completely open. Eastridge called Lisa Stewart, who works at Appalachian Bear Rescue in Tennessee. Stewart always makes room for a new cub.

She named the bear Miracle because she thought it was a miracle that he had survived! As soon as she could, she stopped having contact with the cub so he would not become too used to humans. When the cub arrived, Stewart cleaned his eyes and put him in a house alone. Since Miracle was already 5 months old. Stewart gave him bowls of food and another bowl of a special formula(配方奶粉), similar to a bear mother’s milk. Sometimes, Miracle would reach his head out of his house and take some formula or food. But he wasn’t eating too much.

Miracle was too weak to be with other bears. So Stewart gave him a toy bear named Buddy. He took it into his house and covered it with straw(稻草). He fed Buddy, too. Stewart often found the toy covered in formula and berries and its ears full of apple chunks. Now that Miracle had Buddy, he came out of his house more often and wanted to eat.

After two months, Stewart introduced Miracle to other bears so they could learn from one another. She avoided any direct contact with Miracle and the other bears. Stewart wanted to make sure they stayed afraid of humans so they could go back into the wild again. She always hid behind a fence(栅栏) and threw food over the top secretly. The bears hunted for this food as they would soon do in the wild.

Five months later, Rick Eastridge returned to pick up a healthy 90-pound Miracle and another bear from Arkansas named Rocky. Eastridge loaded the bears into boxes on his truck and transported them back to the wild. As soon as the bear boxes were opened, the two cubs ran for the woods─where they belonged.

1.What did Stewart do shortly after the cub arrived?

A. She helped him eat food.    B. She contacted with him.

C. She settled him down.    D. She named him Miracle.

2.A toy bear was given to Miracle in order to     .

A. remind him not to waste his food    B. kill his lonely time in his house.

C. develop his skills of making friends    D. rid Miracle of its fear of humans

3.Why did Stewart always give food to Miracle in secret?

A. Because he could learn how to find food in the wild.

B. Because he was too weak to be frightened by humans.

C. Because a good relationship could be developed.

D. Because she didn’t want to disturb his peaceful life.

4.What is the best title for this passage?

A. An Unusual Bear    B. The Growth of Miracle

C. Rescuing Miracle    D. Contacting Miracle

 

The Strangest Jobs in the World

You may be tired of a 9-to-5 job. Or you may be looking for something different to do. You won’t believe what some of these people do for a living. Check out these strangest jobs and tell us if you could handle doing any of them.

 

Watching Paint Dry

This may be one of the most boring jobs in the world. The paint company hires people to watch paint dry. They need to take note of the changing colors and have to examine the changes under a microscope(显微镜) as well as on the walls.

Iceberg(冰山) Mover

This job appeared after the Titanic tragedy(悲剧) in 1912. Iceberg movers remove icebergs and prevent any further accidents. Using satellites and airplanes, the movers search the seas for icebergs. And if any are found, they pull the iceberg to an area where it won’t be in the way. Pulling an iceberg can take up to 72 hours. This is because the boat needs ten hours to reach a speed of just one mile per hour.

Luggage Organizer

There are many camp activities for children in New York. Mothers are now inviting luggage organizers to pack their kids’ bags. To hire an organizer costs around US $250 an hour. It can take up to four hours to be fully packed and ready. US $1,000 to pay somebody to pack your kids’ bags, is it worth it?

1.What is the aim of the job of an iceberg mover?

A. To be in memory of the movie Titanic.

B. To test the speed of boats pulling icebergs.

C. To do a search for life in the sea.

D. To prevent any more accidents on the sea.

2.What kind of job is the job of watching paint dry?

A. It is very boring and needs patience.

B. Its salary is higher than other jobs.

C. The employees only need to watch the colors.

D. Many creatures are examined under a microscope.

3.What can we learn about the job of luggage organizer from the text?

A. It is suitable for children to do.    B. It is an easy job.

C. It is a full-time job.    D. It is expensive to hire one organizer.

 

假定你是李华,是一名刚升入高中的高一新生。请你给自己的初中同学Mary写一封信,简要介绍一下自己这三个月的高中生活体会。

内容要点:

1)之前想念过去的老师和同学;现在适应了高中的生活

2)与同学相处很好,交了好多朋友。。

3)老师工作认真,尊重他们

4)一定努力学习,三年以后考上好的大学。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行为连贯;

3.开头语和结束语己为你写好.不计入总词数

Dear Mary,

How time flies!

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Best wishes,

Yours

Li Hua

 

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